Climate Change adaptation and mitigation strategies are the core strategiesto build resilience and implement food security.
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), climate change is one of the main cause of the increase in extreme events around the globe and its negative effects are particular severe in the most vulnerable areas of the planet. Thus, climate change has become one of the major leading driver of global and national challenges for the protection of the environment and the human health, putting massive pressure on food production and in particular on food security and affecting local and global economies.
In our experience we have experimented that the development of efficient adaptation and mitigation strategies at the national and local levels is essential to building resilience to climate change throughout the food system. The development of adaptation and mitigation policies is a global challenge requiring cohesion among the various stakeholders and different sectors involved, and enabling management responses, participation and decision-making systems through vertical and horizontal governance models. The promotion of integrating approaches has improved results in responding to climate and socio-economic challenges.
In particular, agriculture plays a key role in the adaptation of ecosystems to climate change, and a wise management of natural resources, including land, water, biodiversity and genetic resources should be continuously envisaged and pursued.
As a result, sustainable agriculture and sustainable fisheries can make a significant contribution to climate change adaptation and mitigation at all levels, from local communities to the global system.
In addition, projects should aim at restoring sound public finances and support investment in sustainable development, particularly with regard to facing emerging challenges resulting from climate change, and preventing smallholders from higher risks.